It’s not possible to add tracking to a ‘base’ field without customization, but here’s a simple way to do it using Odoo Studio. This uses a computed field.
In this example we will track the parent company for an individual contact.
Firstly, add a new text field.
Then (in Developer Mode), click on MORE (in the bottom left hand corner) to display field information.
Tracking: On Change (or ‘1’ in Odoo 14 onwards)
name, parent_id, parent_name
for record in self:
record['x_studio_history'] = record.name + ' / Company: ' + record.parent_name
Now any changes are shown in the “chatter” at the bottom of the screen (or the right-hand side on a wide screen):
If it’s working well, we can make the new field invisible on the Form View:
Note: you could do this without Odoo Studio by creating the field in Settings / Technical / (Database Structure) / Fields: